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hiddensparrow

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PostSubject: Human Interactive Psychology   Wed May 09, 2012 1:02 pm

Four stages of competence


{ Psychology }

In psychology, the four stages of competence, or the "conscious competence" learning model, relates to the psychological states involved in the process of progressing from incompetence to competence in a skill.

Contents

1 History
2 The four stages
3 Fifth stage
4 See also
5 References


History:

Initially described as “Four Stages for Learning Any New Skill”, the theory was developed at the Gordon Training International by its employee Noel Burch in the 1970s.[1] It has since been frequently attributed to Abraham Maslow, although the model does not appear in his major works.[2]

The Four Stages of Learning provides a model for learning. It suggests that individuals are initially unaware of how little they know, or unconscious of their incompetence. As they recognise their incompetence, they consciously acquire a skill, then consciously use that skill. Eventually, the skill can be done without consciously being thought through, and the individual is said to have unconscious competence. [3]

Several elements, including helping someone 'know what they don't know' or recognize a blind spot, can be compared to some elements of a Johari window, although Johari deals with self-awareness, while the four stages of competence deals with learning stages.


{ The Four Stages: }

Unconscious incompetence

The individual does not understand or know how to do something and does not necessarily recognize the deficit. They may deny the usefulness of the skill. The individual must recognise their own incompetence, and the value of the new skill, before moving on to the next stage.[2] The length of time an individual spends in this stage depends on the strength of the stimulus to learn.[3]

Conscious incompetence

Though the individual does not understand or know how to do something, he or she does recognize the deficit, as well as the value of a new skill in addressing the deficit. The making of mistakes can be integral to the learning process at this stage.[4]

Conscious competence

The individual understands or knows how to do something. However, demonstrating the skill or knowledge requires concentration. It may be broken down into steps, and there is heavy conscious involvement in executing the new skill.[3]

Unconscious competence

The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it has become "second nature" and can be performed easily. As a result, the skill can be performed while executing another task. The individual may be able to teach it to others, depending upon how and when it was learned.

{ The Fifth Stage }

The model is expanded by some users to include a fifth stage, which is not part of the original model from Gordon Training International. The exact composition of this stage varies between authors. Some refer to reflective ability, or "conscious competence of unconscious competence", as being the fifth stage, while others use the fifth stage to indicate complacency.[2]


See also:

Dunning–Kruger effect
Illusory superiority
Decision theory, including grand strategy:
Unknown unknown
Known unknown
Known known
Unknown knowns
Motivation
Transtheoretical Model
Solution focused brief therapy
Psychosocial development
Kübler-Ross model
Formula for Change
Learning styles
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Theory of multiple intelligences
Dreyfus model of skill acquisition

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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Thu May 10, 2012 9:41 pm

Great post, Hidden Sparrow! In my opinion using psychology/sociology is often far more effective than using your fists. Smile



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E0N (Inactive)

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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Fri May 11, 2012 10:51 am

This is about stages you go through when learning... not dealing with individuals. I agree with them, basically, but I don't see the point.

I guess if you consider being able to say "That guy's unconsciously imcompetent" a huge advantage in dealing with difficult individuals...

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Idea Man

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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Fri May 11, 2012 2:37 pm

Quote :


Unconscious competence

The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it has become "second nature" and can be performed easily. As a result, the skill can be performed while executing another task. The individual may be able to teach it to others, depending upon how and when it was learned.






I think that some people who appear to have impressively accurate psychic abilities are just unconsciously skilled at observation and analysis. They are basically the main character from Psych, except they don't realize that they are not really psychic.
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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Fri May 11, 2012 3:08 pm

Idea Man wrote:
Quote :


Unconscious competence

The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it has become "second nature" and can be performed easily. As a result, the skill can be performed while executing another task. The individual may be able to teach it to others, depending upon how and when it was learned.






I think that some people who appear to have impressively accurate psychic abilities are just unconsciously skilled at observation and analysis. They are basically the main character from Psych, except they don't realize that they are not really psychic.

"Cold reading."

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hiddensparrow

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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Fri May 11, 2012 10:01 pm

E0N wrote:

"Cold reading."

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Sweet! Thanks! Cool This might have gone appropriately under Ragensi's threads...if anyone knew where they went! Sad


(If anyone knows anything btw, please PM me so we don't get too far off topic. Thanks!)



All the best, I love you





~HS. :>


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PostSubject: Re: Human Interactive Psychology   Fri May 11, 2012 11:02 pm

Even though people made fun of him for it, Donald Rumsfeld was making a very intelligent statement when he said:

As we know,
There are known knowns.
There are things we know we know.
We also know
There are known unknowns.
That is to say
We know there are some things
We do not know.
But there are also unknown unknowns,
The ones we don't know
We don't know.
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